Buildings building articles An Open Access Journal from MDPI
Buildings building articles An Open Access Journal from MDPI
Heat-flux colour distribution along the 100 mm wall configurations. The conceptual design of the piezoelectric-based smart strand. Arbitrage E5 Results for Building HwL30 using Battery Storage . SEM and optical microscopy on 80C10GGBS10CS after 56 days of curing. Required financial motive for a 10-year period . Planar truss 1 under different supports: support I and support II. Slump flows of mortars with four kinds of sands. Comparison of predicted SCM zone and experimental SCM zone. Mix pore size structures after 28, 56, and 90 days of curing. Resonant EMI responses of the smart strand Real part; : Imaginary part. Eyes orientation at a height of 130 cm. On the left, the subject is looking straight at the blackboard and it is considered 0°; in the middle, the subject is turning the head 45° with respect to the blackboard and on the right looking 90° with respect to the blackboard, to the window. An example of a navigation mesh considering all physical objects in its calculation showed in blue. The grid is showing imaginary lines in white that represent the tessellated chunks. Relationship between rheological properties and shape–weight parameters: SF vs. LWS , V-funnel time vs. LWS , SF vs. ROS , V-funnel time vs. ROS . Feature Papers represent the most advanced research with significant potential for high impact in the field. Feature Papers are submitted upon individual invitation or recommendation by the scientific editors and undergo peer review prior to publication. Changes in magnitudes and frequencies of the resonant peaks. Spectral power distribution corresponding to the four selected LEDs. OsramColorCalculator was used to plot the SPDs. Prediction of PS force change using linear regression. 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RSS Content Alert Further Information Article Processing Charges Pay an Invoice Open Access Policy Contact MDPI Jobs at MDPI Guidelines For Authors For Reviewers For Editors For Librarians For Publishers For Societies MDPI Initiatives Sciforum MDPI Books Preprints Scilit SciProfiles JAMS Proceedings Series Follow MDPI Facebook Twitter Subscribe to receive issue release notifications and newsletters from MDPI journals CS grain morphology; GGBS grain morphology by secondary electron microscopy. Extraction of border and connecting edges. The upper image shows the results after identifying non-repeating line segments. The lower image is showing edges after filtering the wrong line segments circled in red. In cyan connecting edges between spaces are represented, while the rest of the colours are highlighting the other adjacent subdivided spaces. Financial reward needed for a 10-year and 20-year period, based on the electricity shifted , for buildings HwL30 and HwB80. The 1st bending deformation of the EMI sensor due to the piezoelectric effects. Process of PM 2.5 and temperature couple simulation. The U-value results obtained for 100 mm and 200 mm wall configurations with and without cavity insulation. LDM practices assessment: Project A and project B. The average difference between the actual and estimated distance to walls, as well as the number of border edges identified for each voxel size. A conceptual model for 3D space abstraction supporting crowd simulations. Sendai Framework’s priorities adopted from . Running average of relative humidity and temperature behind the wind barrier for internal humidity class 3 and thermal insulation of mineral wool. Maximum relative humidity in point A for internal humidity class 3. The different 3DPC cavity wall configurations studied by Wang et al. : cellular topology; triangular topology; truss topology; lattice topology. Regular quadrangular pyramid grid: eighth of the model, number of the top chords, number of the lower chords and number of the diagonal web members. Safety performance of insurance company’s clients: . Client #1, . Client #2, . Client #13, . Client #4, and . Client #5. Evolution of flow value as a function of time. Commitment management metrics according to their interaction frequencies: Project A and project B. Heat-flux colour distribution along the 200 mm wall configurations. Plan layout of a typical single-unit mosque provided with a courtyard. Basci Ibrahim in Bursa. The 3D model diagram. Floor plan of the townhouse. Plan layout and section of the Kubalie Mosque in Kavaja. Provision courtesy from Arch. Arsim Murseli, UBT University. Frequency of floods, bushfires, storms, drought, and earthquakes observed by the respondents. Risk days of active equipment adaptation strategies. Number of cross-sections of regular quadrangular pyramid grid structure: upper chords, lower chords and web members. Classroom 1. Melanopic values according to the CIE standard acting, in upper figure daylighting in Classroom 1 at each point and in the three gaze orientations ; in lower figure, daylighting artificial lighting in Classroom 1 at each point and in the three gaze orientations . Right figures, SPD of maximum daylighting in the month of March at Point 6 with 45° orientation; minimum daylighting in December at Point 7 with orientation at 0°; maximum daylighting artificial lighting in the month of November at Point 6 with 90° orientation; minimum daylighting artificial lighting in the month of December at Point 7 with orientation at 0°. OsramColorCalculator was used to plot the SPDs. Heat-flux colour distribution along the 100 mm wall configurations. Sediment weight loss variation with time and temperature. Buildings building articles An Open Access Journal from MDPIBuildings building articles An Open Access Journal from MDPI Wall configurations proposed by Alkhalidi and Hatuqay : single row, 10 cm ; single row, 15 cm ; double row, 10 cm ; double row, 15 cm ; triple row, 10 cm . Editor’s Choice articles are based on recommendations by the scientific editors of MDPI journals from around the world. Editors select a small number of articles recently published in the journal that they believe will be particularly interesting to authors, or important in this field. The aim is to provide a snapshot of some of the most exciting work published in the various research areas of the journal. Classroom 3. Melanopic values according to the CIE standard acting, in upper figure daylighting in Classroom 3 at each point and in the three gaze orientations ; in lower figure, daylighting artificial lighting in Classroom 3 at each point and in the three gaze orientations . Right figures, SPD of maximum daylighting in the month of March at Point 1 with 90° orientation; minimum daylighting in January at Point 3 with orientation at 0°; maximum daylighting artificial lighting in the month of March at Point 1 with 90° orientation; minimum daylighting artificial lighting in the month of January at Point 6 with orientation at 0°. OsramColorCalculator was used to plot the SPDs. XRD diffraction patterns of GGBS and sediments. SEM observations after 56 curing days of control mix and mix 50C35GGBS15CS. All articles published by MDPI are made immediately available worldwide under an open access license. No special permission is required to reuse all or part of the article published by MDPI, including figures and tables. For articles published under an open access Creative Common CC BY license, any part of the article may be reused without permission provided that the original article is clearly cited. Geometric parameters of the post-tensioned RC beam and the smart strand. Model for promoting H&S through the procurement process.
Scheme of the equipment location during the acoustic surveys inside the selected mosques: Naziresha in Elbasan , Lead in Berat , Kabalie in Kavaja , Et’hem Bey in Tirana , Lead in Shkodra . building articles Company priorities for DRM in private residential buildings, commercial/industrial buildings, public buildings, rural industries, public roads and bridges, and utilities. Vertical section of the exterior wood-frame wall. Measuring points A to D are located in the thermal insulation, starting with point A just behind the wind barrier on the exterior side and with point D just behind the vapour barrier facing outside. Arbitrage E0 Results for Building HwL30 using Battery Storage . Perspectival views of the Lead Mosque in Shkodra . Visual aspect of raw dried; calcined and crushed calcined sediment. Criteria for obtaining the self-compacting concrete zone. Determination of setting time; Initial and final setting time for various cement pastes. Theoretical model for considering H&S in construction procurement. Classroom 2. Melanopic values according to the CIE standard acting, in upper figure daylighting in Classroom 2 at each point and in the three gaze orientations ; in lower figure, daylighting artificial lighting in Classroom 2 at each point and in the three gaze orientations . Right figures, SPD of maximum daylighting in the month of October at Point 4 with 90° orientation; minimum daylighting in December at Point 6 with orientation at 0°; maximum daylighting artificial lighting in the month of October at Point 4 with 90° orientation; minimum daylighting artificial lighting in the month of December at Point 3 with orientation at 0°. OsramColorCalculator was used to plot the SPDs. Particle morphologies for quartz sand, river sand, manufactured sand-A, and manufactured sand-B. Annual PM 2.5 risk distribution chart of the habitual mode. Example of interior design inside the selected mosques: internal views of Naziresha Mosque of Elbasan, Kubalie Mosque of Kavaja, Et’hem Bey Mosque of Tirana. Arbitrage E7 Results for Building HwL30 using Battery Storage . Learning network and degrees: Project A and project B. Measured results of reverberation time . Global interaction network and degree: Project A and project B. Annual Electricity Consumption per sector for the simulated buildings. The U-value results obtained for 100 mm wall configurations with and without cavity insulation. Annual temperature risk distribution chart of the threshold control mode. Image analysis of four kinds of sand particles. BIM uses assessment: Project A and project B. PM 2.5 risk days of the threshold control mode. Thermogravimetric analysis after 7 and 56 curing days of all mixes. Simulated classrooms by DialuxEvo. Classroom 1; Classroom 2; Classroom 3; Classroom 4. Planar truss 1 under the different load distribution: vertical load applied to node 1, vertical loads applied to nodes 1 and 2, horizontal loads applied to nodes 1 and 2 in opposite directions and horizontal load applied to node 1 and vertical load applied to node 2. Relationship between rheological properties and V paste / V sand : V-funnel times vs. V paste / V sand ; slump flows vs. V paste / V sand . Uniform ray casting and classification of points belonging to stairs. The red colour highlights ray casts that hit stairs, while in yellow ray casts which hit other objects are presented. Framework for PS force monitoring using the concept of piezoelectric-based smart strand. Concrete Mix 1 U-value comparison; concrete Mix 2 U-value comparison; concrete Mix 3 U-value comparison. Geometry and boundary conditions; tie constraints; meshing. Running average of relative humidity and temperature behind the wind barrier for internal humidity class 3 and the thermal insulation of cellulose. Plan layout and section of the Et’hem Bey Mosque in Tirana. Provision courtesy from Arch. Arsim Murseli, UBT University. Relevant information flow network and degrees: Project A and project B. Examples of 3DPC wall panels with different cross-sectional arrangements: triangular-shaped ; lattice-shaped 3DPC wall by ETESIAS ; sinusoidal-shaped 3DPC wall by Gosselin et al. ; sinusoidal shaped, from the world’s largest 3DPC building in Dubai . V-funnel times of mortars with four kinds of sands. Annual PM 2.5 risk distribution chart of the threshold control mode. Density according to interaction frequency: Project A and project B. Plan layout and elevation of the Lead Mosque in Shkodra. Provision courtesy from Arch. Arsim Murseli, UBT University, Pristina, Kosovo. Changes in EMI features of the whole frequency band. A chessboard-shaped pyramid grid: eighth of the model, number of the top chords, number of the lower chords and number of the diagonal web members. Flow chart for Arbitrage with Exports for Strategies E7 and E5. If the battery operation is not allowed on NWDs, minHourIndex is removed from the price series ; otherwise, the algorithm proceeds directly with the calculation of the marginal cost of production based on the respective minHourValue. Heat-flux colour distribution along the 100 mm wall configurations. Temperature risk days of the habitual mode. Annual temperature risk distribution chart of the habitual mode. Real-time day-ahead hourly electricity retail prices for 2017. Process of obtaining the parameters of a sand particle. The Feature Paper can be either an original research article, a substantial novel research study that often involves several techniques or approaches, or a comprehensive review paper with concise and precise updates on the latest progress in the field that systematically reviews the most exciting advances in scientific literature. This type of paper provides an outlook on future directions of research or possible applications. Moisture storage function of mineral wool and cellulose insulation from WUFI database. Curve regression of bids and winning bids. Assessing the accuracy of the identified border edges. Heat-flux colour distribution along the 200 mm wall configurations. Experimental design space; experimental points distribution within the experimental design space. Concrete Mix 1 U-value comparison; concrete Mix 2 U-value comparison; concrete Mix 3 U-value comparison. energy usage intensity of active equipment adaptation strategies; Cost of active equipment adaptation strategies. Plan layout and section of the Lead Mosque in Berat. Provision courtesy from Arch. Arsim Murseli, UBT University, Pristina, Kosovo. Linear regression analyses of EMI features. Flowchart for Arbitrage without exports . The algorithm presents structural differences compared to Figure 5 as building loads are now taken into account in the calculation of the bottlenecks. Bottleneck1 is set equal to either the building loads or the inverter capacity in kW based on the comparison of their values. Particle size distribution of cement, GGBS, sand, and other supplementary materials. Correlation curve between line weight and product of vertices weight. Impulse response measured inside the Naziresha Mosque of Elbasan. Tread depths of several steps using a BIM model. Tread object size is 30 cm, but the actual one can vary in different locations. Modelling Methodology, inputs and outputs. Plan layout and elevation of the Naziresha Mosque in Elbasan. Provision courtesy from Arch. Arsim Murseli, UBT University, Pristina, Kosovo. Resonant EMI responses of the smart strand Real part; : Imaginary part. Photopic illuminance in false color at the horizontal plane . Classroom 1; Classroom 2; Classroom 3; Classroom 4 and measurement number points for each classroom. Using spatial indexing to detect closest boundaries and connecting edges between spaces to an agent. Views of the Naziresha Mosque after the restoration works . Temperature and relative humidity for wind barrier of board material and membrane material for internal humidity class 3, with a water vapour diffusion resistance of 10 GPa s m 2 /kg and mineral wool thermal insulation. The U-value results obtained for different wall configurations with different wall thickness. Heat-flux colour distribution along the 200 mm wall configurations. Risk of mould growth on the wind barrier towards the thermal insulation for Lund climate. The wood-frame wall contains thermal insulation of mineral wool and cellulose. In the green area, there is no risk for mould growth , whereas the red area indicates a risk for mould growth . The yellow area is where further investigations must be conducted . Z p -values represent only the value for the vapour barrier. Main research elements and their characteristics. Changes in EMI features of the resonant bands Peak 1; Peak 2; Peak 3; Peak 4. Number of cross-sections of chessboard-shaped pyramid grid structure: upper chords, lower chords and web members. Interoperation between DesignBuilder Graphical User Interface and EnergyPlus . Misalignment between navigation mesh, identified spaces and actual stairs at sloped areas. You are accessing a machine-readable page. In order to be human-readable, please install an RSS reader. Tread depth identification using a filter shown in black. In white the central point is presented. Two randomly selected points are shown in red. Ray sent to these points are highlighted in yellow identifying P 1 and P 2 points and their normals N 1 and N 2 . Additional rays sent to risers based on the normals are identifying P 3 and P 4 points. In pink L 1 and L 2 lines are presented, which are identified based on 2 points detected for each riser. The shortest distances to P 3 and P 4 , and P 5 and P 6 points are shown in dark and light green, respectively. The U-value results obtained for 200 mm wall configurations with and without cavity insulation. Collaboration network and degree: Project A and project B. Mix compressive and flexural strengths at 7, 28, 56, and 90 curing days. Pedestrians randomly assigned to different surfaces. Merging inlined border edges. The upper image shows edges coming from triangles that represent spaces’ borders, while the lower image highlights borders after merging the inlined edges. Classroom 4. Melanopic values according to the CIE standard acting, in upper figure daylighting in Classroom 4 at each point and in the three gaze orientations ; in lower figure, daylighting artificial lighting in Classroom 4 at each point and in the three gaze orientations . Right figures, SPD of maximum daylighting in the month of March at Point 1 with 90° orientation; minimum daylighting in December at Point 3 with orientation at 0°; maximum daylighting artificial lighting in the month of March at Point 1 with 90° orientation; minimum daylighting artificial lighting in the month of December at Point 3 with orientation at 0°. OsramColorCalculator was used to plot the SPDs. what is the best post workout supplement for muscl